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Interface Between People and Technology

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Mobile apps are celebrating their heyday as a crowd favorite and innovation driver in the spotlight of digitalization. The routine and now purely practical processing of mobile devices and their applications presents new challenges for many developers and publishers, but at the same time offers opportunities for everyone involved.

Developers are accustomed to working with restrictions. The budget, time, capacity-all of these resources are usually not abundant and need to be calculated by the project manager accordingly. Anyone who develops software for mobile devices needs to find creative solutions within a much narrower framework. Aspects such as input options, screen size, and poor mobile phone connectivity are just a few of the hurdles to consider when implementing mobile applications. It shaped the industry and its products. For example, the resulting data load of many apps is increasingly optimized for limited bandwidth – Cydia jailbreak. Therefore, further development of mobile applications is becoming more and more detailed.

 

Say goodbye to the need for innovation?

Holger Meyer, Managing Director of the Appsolute Agency, believes that the disruptive potential of the industry remains enormous. But in his opinion, mobile applications are playing a new role and will form an interface between people and the required future technologies such as machine learning and augmented reality (AR). Therefore, developers have the task of making these resources accessible. The main thing is to find what actually adds value to the customer and the role that the app or mobile phone’s functions (camera, location, push notifications, etc.) can play. The potential for mobile apps to change consumer behavior, break existing business models and create new ones is endless.

 

Unequal Market Conditions

When talking about the road to apps for users, ignoring one very important factor, no matter how indisputable today’s general duopoly on app sales may seem. Must not be. If you want to make your application more popular, you can’t ignore Google and Apple. For Holger Meyer, the related issues depend on your point of view. From the publisher’s point of view, the situation is difficult because the software cannot be sold on its own channel. “Ultimately, you’ll have to rely on the Google Play Store and Apple’s App Store, both of which have high fee costs,” he says. He said. In addition, you have to follow the rules of the two companies, which is sometimes not without abdominal pain.

On the other hand, the potential of mobile applications seems to be moving within a well-defined framework, as is the market situation. As a platform for new business ideas and as a link to innovative future technologies, the media offers even greater potential. Both developers and users will benefit from this. New monetization channels allow publishers to invest more in the quality of their products. In the best scenario, users will also benefit from it.

Environment: Ways To Increase IQ Test Result

Your intelligence largely give the quality of your life.   IQ is a form of measuring intelligence. For example, the ability to understand the environment and solve problems. IQ test gratis is very useful because it provides a prediction and an explanation of future professional performance.

The intention of the first intelligence tests were in fact for children.  Experts can measure IQ from the age of 3 but they can make a more complex assessment after 6 years.

You need to know that intellectual abilities are predominantly genetic, but there are factors that influence them.

Factors that influence the development of intelligence

The right environment

Look at the brain like a muscle. If you train and stimulate it constantly, it improves its performance.

IQ test gratis

Through an organized and constant education. Never stop learning. Stay curious and open to learning and always find passions in which to engage. It turned out that even the interruption of studies and even the holidays lead to a decrease in intelligence.

Don’t get stuck in the routine. Ask your brain to always stay alert, always plugged in.  Try challenging games, puzzles, new physical activities, memory exercises, things you are afraid of. And yes, this will probably mean stepping out of your comfort zone.

Try other visions. Get in touch with a whole universe that thinks differently than you. Travel, socialize, read, go to the theater, the opera, and watch documentaries and movies.

Discuss and debate issues that concern you with people whose opinions are well formulated and argued. Choose to be part of an environment where people have a fairly built value system. Learn from knowledgeable people.

Nutrition can improve IQ test result

Your brain, with its network of neurons, is made up of what you eat. Optimal nutrition ensures fast thinking, the ability to make multiple combinations, long-term concentration, good memory, distributive attention.

Multivitamins and minerals, from both diet and supplements, can significantly increase IQ. These could increase the chances of a child with mental problems getting rid of them.

In addition to fruits and vegetables, a multivitamin tablet every day is capable of miracles.

Consumption of essential fats determines the best health and functioning of the brain. They have the role of accelerating the thought process and decrease the chance of having mental, physical or behavioral problems.

Make Money By Playing Video Games

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Both very simple and the latest computer games offer an opportunity to earn money online. Income can vary from a few 100 euros to more than 200,000 euros per year.

Streaming on Twitch

The streaming platform Twitch has grown in popularity in recent years. In 2018, there was a record number of Twitch streamers: over 3 million per month and about 0.5 million per day. That resulted in 434 billion watch minutes with approximately 1 million viewers at any given time of the day. Streaming on Twitch can be a very lucrative way to earn money from gaming. Of course, you need sturdy gear to be able to stream smoothly. A game computer, camera, and microphone can take a big bite out of your budget. It can be beneficial to invest in yourself and temporarily withdraw some extra money to buy equipment. Once you start earning money with gaming, you can pay this money back nicely.

Become a professional gamer

In the past, gamers were often considered “nerds” and “not serious.” However, games have increased in popularity in recent years and today there is a lot of money to be made as a professional gamer. For example, the prize money of the official Fortnite tournament amounts to a total of 30 million dollars. Everyone who makes it to the finals is guaranteed to receive $50,000. The top prize is $3,000,000.

Game Vlogger on YouTube

YouTube has long been a popular platform for gamers. Here too you can stream videos while playing a game. The earnings model on YouTube is significantly different from the earnings model on Twitch because you are paid per view. Popular Dutch YouTubers are Kwebbelkop (Jordi van den Bussche) or Jelly. Robbert van Eijndhoven also posts a lot of gaming videos. As a game vlogger, you earn money through advertising revenue. Game companies are willing to pay very large sums for an advertising campaign on your channel, especially if you have a large and loyal audience.

Writing game guides

A game explanation, guide, or manual is also called a game guide. In such a guide you explain how the game works, how to solve certain puzzles or defeat bosses, how you can climb a level the fastest, and where you can find, for example, the hidden treasures in a level.

Testing / Debugging Games

Before games are published and hit the stores, they must first be extensively tested. The games are screened for accessibility, graphics, and bugs, among other things. Developers need people for this. Preferably people with sufficient experience and a large dose of patience. To fix bugs permanently, you have to replay some levels dozens of times and purposefully look for errors in the game before the game developer has fixed a bug. So it can get pretty boring.

Become a game journalist

Do you have a penchant for both gaming and writing? Then becoming a game journalist might be something for you. In the Netherlands, the number of game magazines is rather limited. You can, however, consider writing for a Dutch-language website. There are also many English magazines and internet portals that specialize in games and tech. So if you have a high level of English and you like to write, this can be a very exciting job:

Video game coach

Are you very good at a certain game, but do you have no ambition to participate in professional competitions? Then you can always work as an online (or offline) coach. Especially young people and starting gamers are looking for someone to guide them. As a game coach, you offer services where people pay to master your skills. This can be done through private coaching sessions, both online and offline (at people’s homes, in a center, or another location of your choice). In such a coaching session, you as a coach look at your student’s game via the internet (or over the shoulder) and you give tips and feedback about the game. You actively help the student to refine and improve his/her skills.

Selling games

Some new games are very popular and sell out in no time. If you keep a close eye on the latest developments within the game world and buy a nice number of copies during the release of a new game, you can resell it for a profit. You can earn quite a bit of money by buying and selling products. The more popular a game, the higher your asking price. Especially in case of scarcity, you can drive up the prices considerably. Promote your games on gaming forums, platforms such as marktplaats.nl, and social media. You can earn between $100 and $1500 per month by selling games. Of course, everything depends on supply and demand, how many games you sell, and for what price.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Electric Vehicles

Electric cars are much cleaner than traditional cars because they don’t emit a cocktail of environmental pollutants. By driving an electric car, you, therefore, contribute to a better environment. Keep in mind the current with which the car is charged. The greener the electricity, the more environmentally friendly the car. Saving for a few solar panels and charging the car with this energy is, therefore, a very good idea. The production and recycling of batteries in particular do have an impact on the environment.

Many manufacturers are taking care of their processes, making sure that they are not leaving a huge impact on the environment. Businesses like Hugo and Sons promote environment-friendly products like upholstered coffee table footstools (https://www.hugoandsons.co.uk/upholstered-coffee-table-footstool/) to help protect the environment and minimize pollution. In the same manner, businesses that promote electric cars make sure that their products don’t emit environmental pollutants.

Fewer maintenance costs

Also nice: with an electric car you have much lower maintenance costs. That has everything to do with the electric motor. Compared to an internal combustion engine, an electric motor has far fewer moving parts. This reduces the chance of wear and tear. Time will tell whether an electric motor is still cheaper in the long run.

Electric cars are whisper quiet

The familiar roaring sound of the traditional car is produced by the internal combustion engine. An electric car is powered by electricity, which means much less noise. The fact that these environmentally friendly cars are whisper-quiet is both an advantage and a disadvantage. It is nice and quiet for motorists and for people who live close to a (highway) road, but dangerous for cyclists and pedestrians.

Driving on electricity is cheaper

You fill the tank and are a few tens poorer. With an electric car, that is a thing of the past. Electricity is cheaper than petrol, diesel, and LPG. Charging the car at home or at work is about half the cost of driving on regular fuel. Public charging points are more expensive, even their the electricity is still cheaper than petrol, diesel or LPG.

It is tax attractive

Electric drivers now have a number of tax benefits. For example, an addition of 4% applies to electric lease cars, instead of the usual 22% for petrol and diesel cars. It also makes a difference that you do not have to pay motor vehicle tax (road tax) and purchase tax (BPM) for electric cars.

You can lease electric cars

The hefty price tag and the uncertain residual value are important arguments not to buy an electric car. With a private lease, you don’t have to worry about that. You pay a fixed monthly amount that is based on the number of kilometers, the contract duration, the price, and the residual value of the car.

The disadvantages of electric cars

Electric cars are more expensive. Electric cars are more expensive than fossil fuel cars. It is actually quite logical that you can’t buy an electric car for next to nothing. They are not yet mass-produced and the batteries are expensive. Also, few electric cars are offered second-hand. If the demand for electric cars continues to rise, this will of course change.

The range is limited

The range of electric cars is getting better, but it still lags behind the traditional car. An electric car can get on average between 100 and 500 kilometers with a full battery. For example, a petrol car with a tank capacity of 50 liters and average fuel consumption of 1 in 15 has a range of 750 kilometers. That’s still a difference. The limited range can cause ‘range anxiety’: the fear of not reaching your destination. That is anything but relaxing driving.

Electric charging takes time

A petrol tank is filled within a few minutes, an electric car takes much longer to charge. At home, you can count on up to 8 hours. At a charging point 1 to 2 hours and at a fast-charging station for 30 minutes. Filling up super fast and driving away is therefore not possible. A plug-in hybrid takes 1 to 4 hours to charge the battery. Driving longer distances, therefore, requires the necessary planning and arrangements.

There are too few charging points

The number of electric cars is increasing faster than the number of charging stations. As a result, charging stations are scarce and it is not always possible to charge the battery. Buying your own charging station is of course an option.

A towbar is missing

A caravan and an electric car usually do not go well together. Many electric cars do not have a towbar. Mounting one is unfortunately not an option. The battery pack is often in the way or the cooling capacity of the battery and motor cannot handle it. Something to keep in mind when buying a car.

It drives something different

One finds driving an electric car a world of difference, while the other does not turn his hand around. The big difference is that you don’t have to shift gears, because there are no gears in the car. This makes acceleration so smooth that you drive too fast.

Technology For Painting Wooden Doors

How to paint a wooden front door. Technology for painting wooden doors. The choice of paint, video instructions. At where you can choose what types of paints or brushes for painting interior doors to paint high-quality wooden doors, you need to understand that this procedure does not save time and material. All work must initially be carried out correctly, in accordance with all stages. Only in this position you can transform an old canvas or give the desired look to new details. All the nuances should be calculated in advance to exclude unpleasant consequences. To obtain the desired result, as well as to create a reliable and durable coating, it is necessary to choose the right paint for wooden doors. It should be noted that there are two main compositions used for such work – varnish and paint. In this case, both substances can be used together.

Varnish

Currently, there are several main varieties of this material: colored, glossy and matte. It should be borne in mind that such compositions do not allow to hide surface defects. This means that the structure of the wood remains visible, which considerably limits the scope. Varnish is an excellent option when it comes to new elements that have no traces of preparation (putty, putty). If it is assumed that work is being done on finishing old doors, then varnish is used as a protective coating, but not as a base. It is important to pay attention to the composition of the material: it can be solvent-based or oil-based. For woodworking it is better not to use the first option, it can cause damage to the wood.

Pigment

This composition is distinguished by the fact that you can choose the desired shade that is suitable for a particular interior. It is important to remember that painting a wooden door can be done with materials that give a glossy, matte, and translucent effect. When choosing a paint, you should immediately decide on the composition of the material: the base should be oil or alcohol. A good solution can be considered nitro paint, which has excellent properties and makes it possible to paint the door white. But it is important to take into account that this composition has a pungent smell that disappears within a few days. There is another interesting substance – washing oil. With this product, you can give the surface a very interesting glossy (silk) shade. Troop-based oil formulations have different shades, which allow them to be successfully combined.

Preparatory phase

How to paint wooden doors efficiently? In order to obtain the really desired coverage, special attention must be paid to the preparation process.

Painting a wood door with paint

After the previous manipulations are completely completed, you can proceed to the main procedures. They are as follows: Every owner has started repairs in their home and is trying to save money or make it cheaper. So it is possible to postpone the replacement of doors but to qualitatively restore the old ones. You can master the secrets of this simple skill and learn some subtleties yourself!

Gaming Technology Today Allows You To Play And Earn Real Money

These days, you don’t just play video games to have fun. There’s more to it than just earning coin master free spins to level up in the game. Now you can actually have fun playing video games and earn real money from it.

During the corona pandemic, many people in the Philippines found an interesting way to make money while playing. Thanks to technology, the creation of the video game Axie Infinity came to life. This video game allowed many people to generate a little income on the side while having fun playing the game.

How Axie Infinity Allows You To Play And Earn Real Money?

Axie Infinity is a video game from the Vietnamese gaming startup Sky Mavis, in which you can earn (NFTS) or non-fungible tokens and cryptocurrencies. To do this, you have to breed, fight, and trade Axies (cute digital pets).

Last Thursday a short documentary was released on the YouTube channel “PLAY-TO-EARN” explaining that Axie Infinity’s player count skyrocketed after Coindesk published an article about the game last summer. Almost 60,000 people now play Axie Infinity, Axies Head of Growth Jeffrey Zirlin told CNBC.

Due to the corona pandemic, GDP fell by 9.6% in 2020. According to IHS Markit , this is the largest annual decline since data collection began in 1946.

Like almost everywhere else in the world, there was a surge in cases in late March, leading to lockdowns affecting nearly a quarter of the population. To make money, many people started playing Axie Infinity.

Ijon Inton, an Axie player from Cabanatuan City, about 100 km north of Manila in Nueva Ecija Province, first found out about this in February last year when his friend came across an explanatory video on YouTube. Fascinated by the play to earn element of the game, he decided to give it a try.

“At first I just wanted to test if it really works and after a week I was on my first income excited” , explained Injon Inton , currently around 10,000 Philippine pesos (173 euros) per week and earned when he played the game around the clock.

Inton also told his family and neighbors about it. He helped his friends set up an account so they could buy ETH and get started. More than 100 people now play in his community to make money with Axie, including a 66-year-old grandmother.

Axies are Non-Fungible Tokens (NFT) that are depicted as cryptographically unique cartoon pets. They cannot be replicated, which is what makes them valuable. To raise the Axies, one must buy or farm love potions. You earn money by selling the pets or the love potions for crypto currency and then exchanging them for the respective currency.

 

Four Ecological White Paints For Your Sustainable Home

In house painting, the constant demand for healthy interiors led to the choice of ecological paints. Here are 4 white paints with sustainability characteristics, perfect for your green home.

Bioactive MaxMeyer white anti-mold wall paint

The Mural painting mold Bioactive MaxMeyer is an ecological white paint , perfect for your own sustainable home. It heals humid environments and prevents the formation of mold. It is odorless. Likewise, it consists of a water base and is ready to use. It is suitable for walls with mold problems, an ideal product for all rooms in the house, from the living area, to the sleeping area, to the bathroom. The mural painting mold Bioactive MaxMeyer is breathable and has a high degree of coverage. No dilution is required before use. It can be applied with a brush, roller or spray gun.

Naturalia BOERO white wall paint

The white mural painting Naturalia BOERO is a white ecological water-based paint, produced with high quality raw materials (more than 90% of natural origin). Respect health and the environment. It is suitable for all rooms in the house, in particular, it is recommended for the children’s room because it is hypoallergenic. It consists of a water base and is immediately ready for use. Furthermore, it is a washable paint with a medium degree of coverage. It can be applied with a brush or roller.

ZERO% white thermal insulation paint

The painting white insulating ZERO% is a condensation and thermal insulation product, ideal for humid or cold walls environments. It is a 0% ozone impact product. It does not contain formaldehyde and is dermatologically tested. The white thermal insulating paint ZERO% is a water-based paint formulated to counteract the problems related to condensation and humidity, promoting good thermal insulation. Specifically designed to be ecological and attentive to well-being. A ZERO VOC product, i.e. zero emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds, and with excellent yield and coverage. It can be applied with a brush or roller .

BOERO white enamel

The mural BOERO enamel white is an ecological HACCP certified product. It is ideal for painting environments such as kitchens and suitable for health and public areas where food is present: easily washable and compliant with food safety. It is a water-based product, ready to use. BOERO white wall enamel is also scratch-resistant, dirt-repellent, washable and quick-drying. It can be applied with a brush or roller.

Benefits of Eco Friendly Paints

A tip for you!

Painting is the first thing you do when you enter a new house or when you want to renew the appearance of the walls. It’s easy and makes everything look cleaner, fresher and newer. To choose the most suitable white wall paint, identify if you will be painting new or good walls or if they are walls with specific problems to solve, such as mold. To choose the right paint, start from the environment you want to paint, whether it is a home or a public place that will require certifications. Evaluate the condition of the walls, if they are in good condition or if they have any problems, and the material they are made of. Opt for ecological white paints to protect the environment and to limit emissions of volatile substances harmful to humans in interiors.

Technological Advancements That Will Shape the Future

Companies are being called to show more transparency and responsibility in areas such as the environment, society, and governance. Companies are actively looking for ways to collect reliable and trustworthy non-financial data, so that they can engage with their clients on a daily basis. This problem can be solved with the help of digital solutions.

Environment, society and governance

Companies have been using technology to optimize their results for decades. But how can the digital revolution be harnessed to ensure and even encourage sustainable business practices? In the field of environment, society and governance, companies are increasingly discovering the rapid expansion and potential of technology.

TOP 5 TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS

1. Blockchain
By redefining failed processes and records, as well as customer protection, this technology, which is in the spotlight, has already had a positive effect on the energy sector and financial services, among others
. However, blockchain technology is only really revolutionizing supply chain management because it allows for greater transparency and efficiency.

2. Data mining
Understanding ESG risks and opportunities is becoming increasingly relevant for companies, especially as this information becomes non-negotiable for both regulators and stakeholders in the longer term. Companies who want a clear analysis of their ESG results face a real problem due to a shortage of homogeneous, high-quality data in an environment where data is being generated at an increasing rate. When data mining techniques advance in sophistication – from machine learning to optical character recognition – they have access to data and information that have never been easier to access and that both stakeholders will gain from easily and efficiently.

3. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
The Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the power to change companies’ ESG reporting processes, in addition to predicting and modelling environmental programs. The market is flooded with data regarding sustainability, and AI allows businesses to process this massive volume of data at breakneck pace. AI provides the ability to intelligently evaluate vast volumes of disparate data, providing sustainable new ways of doing business, as the importance of ESG data is better recognized and demand for it increases.

4. Internet of Things
The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the most important technology advances in recent decades, and it will have a significant effect on the global economy. Since they have a global scope and can communicate with individuals and things that were historically completely unavailable, projects harnessing the strength of the IoT can lead to the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Internet of Things will encourage environmental growth – from intelligent cities to renewable electricity – by enhancing the quality of living in less developed parts of the planet, and it gives enterprises a chance to contribute to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

5. Predictive Analytics
Companies will have access to improved decision-making resources and support mechanisms to extend their insights and shape their governance, especially on ESG issues, due to the enormous pace at which data will be generated and processed in the near future. in relation to Not only is it necessary to transform data into appropriate lessons for a company’s plan and long-term growth, but it is often necessary to deliver important knowledge to stakeholders. Predictive analytics can help with this problem by identifying related ESG problems, identifying risks, and comparing companies’ sustainability results to that of other market participants.

How Games are Driving Technological Progress

Games should become more and more intense. Technology and games, therefore, have to mutually adapt. Processors, memory, audio devices, monitors, and power supply units are particularly important factors for a fully-fledged function. New games like sandbox game are therefore drivers for technologies.

Computer games are also conquering the education sector. In the military and medical sector as well as in school education, simulations are gaining in importance as self-learning programs.

Games also offer valuable test platforms for artificial intelligence to test and promote complex thought processes.

How gaming technologies influence innovation

Games should be maximally tangible and even more intense. But to do this, games have to be constantly optimized for modern graphics hardware. But modern processors, memories, audio devices, monitors, and power supplies are also important factors for the full function of increasingly complex games. In order to meet the standard set by the games industry, technology and games, therefore, have to mutually adapt.

Users are also more or less forced to invest in new equipment. Because an innovative game with new effects is simply not fun on an outdated PC. The best example is virtual reality games. The games are meaningless without VR glasses. If you really want to immerse yourself in virtual reality, you have to invest as a user.

Gaming often requires technologies

sandbox game

Some technologies are not yet available as a patented solution on the market. The best example is the development of the Microsoft Vista operating system. The technology development was only made possible by an appropriate hardware base originally developed for games. Today, it is the norm that CPUs, the heart of the computer, are pushed to a gaming level that an ordinary office computer does not need. However, gaming innovations are not only interesting for developers in the hardware area.

The gaming industry is also a strong pioneer when it comes to visualization and simulation. Modern games often focus on graphical representations in real-time focus. A model that has long since found great approval in the private sector. The reason is the wide range of options that offer such programs. Interactive visualizations, e.g. for architectural projects are particularly popular. Models can be changed quickly in small places and the conversion no longer requires a completely new model. This allows more creative freedom.

Resin-Bonded Joint Filler Technology

Resin-bonded joint fillers are usually used when designing privately used paved areas such as sidewalks in the garden, house entrances, or driveways to the garage. These also have the advantage that they are usually drainable. If you choose a plaster with a joint width that is not too narrow and fill the joints with these joint fillers, the surface remains permeable. It is therefore considered to be “not sealed” – an aspect that should not be neglected with regard to possible wastewater charges.

Resin-bound technology for unbound substructure

In contrast to hydraulic joint fillers, resin-bound systems from https://sussexresinsurfacing.co.uk can also be used on an unbound substructure, as they are less rigid. They are able to absorb the spring effect of the plaster without damage when stressed or deformed due to temperature fluctuations. A prerequisite, however, is sufficient joint width and depth. As a rule, the joint should be filled to about 2/3 of the stone thickness with a joint filler.

However, if you plan a garage entrance with a slope situation, it makes sense to put the paving stones in an 8-10 cm thick, drainable mortar layer only then to grout. This gives the overall structure better stability and prevents the slight formation of lanes that can be observed again and again when entering a garage.

One or two-component systems for resin-bound driveways

In the case of resin-bound systems, a distinction is made between one-component and two-component systems. resin bound drivewayThese differ on the one hand through different processing methods and on the other hand through their ultimate strength. The two-component systems cure with higher final strength and can therefore also be used with higher traffic loads. In the pedestrian area, on the other hand, you can also grout with one-component products without any problems.

If the one-component system is chosen, it must be ensured that the paving surface must be clean and absolutely dry before it is applied. This also applies to the drying process after it has been introduced – rain protection may have to be used.

For a two-component system or technology, resin-bound joint fillers must be mixed with a hardener component before being applied. The paved surfaces are well pre-wetted, which further simplifies the application of the grout. The grout literally slides through the film of water into the open joints.

ELECTRIC CARS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

Diesel scandal, emissions scandal, particulate matter emissions – the good reputation of classic petrol and diesel cars has been significantly damaged in recent months by a number of scandals and studies. Electric cars, on the other hand, are experiencing an ever-increasing boom as an environmentally friendly alternative.

But are they really so gentle on the environment? We took a closer look at the life cycle assessment of electric cars and checked whether, from an ecological point of view, it was really worthwhile to invest in electronically operated vehicles.

ARE ELECTRIC CARS ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY?

Electric cars are often cited as a solution to the climate problems caused by car traffic. Politicians also see the increasing integration of electric cars into road transport as an opportunity to reduce CO2emissions and particulate matter pollution. About ten years ago, the Chancellor called for one million electric cars to roll on German roads by 2020. However, Merkel has now had to revise this quite ambitious government target, since the share of electric cars in Germany, despite the premium, is currently only at a low 0.7 percent. The implementation of the planned project therefore seems extremely unrealistic.

Nevertheless, there are good reasons why more and more motorists are choosing to buy an electric car. The reputation that precedes this is usually decisive for sales: while diesel cars count as the biggest polluters in road traffic, electric cars powered by car electricity from an ecological origin are regarded as a clean and, above all, environmentally friendly alternative. But is the positive image of electric vehicles really justified? Are they really more environmentally friendly than vehicles with classic internal combustion engines? In order to be able to make statements about the life cycle balance of an electric car, several factors must be taken into account, such as production and electricity supply.

CONSUMPTION AND RANGE OF ELECTRIC CARS

Larger and heavier vehicles tend to have higher power consumption, of course. The differences between the individual electric models in terms of range and consumption are still very large at the moment. The highest range does not necessarily have the energy-efficient vehicle at the moment, but is mainly achieved by large battery capacities. This is why the Tesla models with a range of 451 kilometers differ best compared to the competition, according to the ADAC Ecotest. The ranges determined by ADAC vary between 112 and 451 kilometers for the different models. The vehicles consume between 14.7 kWh and 28.1 kWh per 100 kilometers.

 

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THE ECO-BALANCE OF ELECTRIC CARS

Studies relating to the environmental performance of electric cars have come to contradictory results in terms of the life cycle assessment. The entire life path, from production to useful life to disposal, was included in the analyses. A study by the German Federal Environment Agency for Humans and the Environment finds that electric cars perform better in their life cycle assessment than cars with internal combustion engines. A similar study carried out on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management in Austria comes to a similar conclusion. Here, too, the life cycle was better when looking at the entire life cycle of electric cars compared to cars with internal combustion engines.

According to a study by the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research in Heidelberg, electric cars have a similar climate balance to cars with internal combustion engines, as they require significantly more energy in their production: In the production of their highly complex accumulators, tons of greenhouse gases are produced, which are released and thus pose a great burden on our planet – comparable to the pollutants that a conventional combustion engine emits in traffic within eight years. This was the conclusion of researchers from Sweden who found a negative climate balance in terms of production based on a meta-study published in 2017.

LITHIUM BATTERIES IN ELECTRIC CARS

The batteries for electric cars are extremely worrying for several reasons. In addition to the water-intensive extraction of lithium, the raw material cobalt is also used in their production. This resource, too, is only available to a limited extent, so its extraction is extremely expensive – at the expense of nature. Many of the raw materials also come from China or the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the promotion not only violates human rights, but also the environment is increasingly destroyed by the pollution of rivers and soils.

Another problem you need to consider when you’re playing with the idea of getting an electric car is the question of where to go with the battery? Lithium cannot be recycled yet. While many scientists and experts are working on a way to reuse the batteries of electric cars, research has not yet gone that far. In the future, therefore, a number of changes will have to be made in battery technology in order to implement an environmentally friendly recycling process.

Effects Of Nuclear Energy In The Environment

Electricity can be generated from uranium: nuclear energy. In addition, 10 to 100 times less net CO2 is released than with energy generation from fossil fuels. That is about the same as with electricity production from wind, water, and sun. But opinions about nuclear energy differ greatly.

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Proponents regard nuclear energy as safe, sustainable, and necessary to combat climate change. Opponents consider the technology not necessary and fundamentally unsafe: because of the radioactive waste and the risk of serious accidents, such as in Fukushima after the Japan earthquake.

Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy

Benefits

  • Virtually no CO2 and other greenhouse gases are released during the generation of nuclear energy.
  • Uranium is relatively cheap as a raw material.
  • For nuclear energy, we are less dependent on politically unstable regions than on the use of oil and gas.
  • Uranium is found all over the world in rocks, soil, and seawater.

Cons

  • The biggest disadvantage of nuclear energy is the radioactive waste from a plant, but the waste from uranium mining and the demolition waste after the closure of a nuclear plant is also radioactive. Radioactive radiation is a major health risk. Highly active radioactive waste continues to emit radiation for tens of thousands of years, posing a risk to thousands of generations after ours. There is currently no good definitive storage for this.
  • The chance of a serious accident is small, but the possible consequences are great. This mainly concerns long-term adverse effects due to increased radiation levels.
  • The construction of a nuclear power plant is very expensive (billions of euros), as is demolition (dismantling).
  • Nuclear power plants and factories handling nuclear waste pose a risk of misuse. They can be made suitable for the production of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear energy in the Netherlands
About six percent of the electricity we use in the Netherlands is generated by a nuclear power plant (2014 figures). The only working nuclear power plant in the Netherlands is located in Borssele (Zeeland). In addition, the Netherlands also imports electricity (including from France, Belgium, and Germany) that is partly generated with nuclear energy. In the Netherlands, research with nuclear energy is also taking place at six locations (nuclear research). The best-known research center is at ECN in Petten.

What is Nuclear Energy?
Nuclear energy is the energy released by splitting atomic nuclei of the ore uranium. Uranium has a heavy, unstable atomic nucleus and divides itself into two or lighter nuclei during nuclear fission. During this fission, a large amount of energy is released, which triggers other uranium atoms to fission nuclear again. That is called a chain reaction. In a nuclear reactor, a nuclear power plant keeps this chain reaction under control. In a nuclear power plant, tens of thousands of so-called uranium oxide fuel rods lie in a reactor bath filled with water. Nuclear fission takes place in the rods, while water flows past. The energy released during nuclear fission is heat. The water absorbs that heat, reaches a temperature of hundreds of degrees Celsius and then turns into steam. This steam drives turbines that generate electricity.

The stock of uranium
Uranium is not renewable, so gone = gone, but the stock is large. The supply of cheaply extracted uranium is sufficient to produce (with the latest generation of nuclear reactors) the same amount of electricity every year for about 100 years as is currently being used worldwide.

Radioactivity and health
If a living creature receives radioactive radiation, it can cause serious health problems. Radioactivity increases the risk of leukemia (blood cancer), hereditary conditions, and abnormalities in babies exposed to radiation in the womb. High-level waste continues to emit radiation for tens of thousands of years, posing a responsibility and risk to thousands of generations after ours.

Future of nuclear energy

Fourth-generation power stations
Today’s nuclear power plants belong to the ‘third generation’ power plants. Research is being conducted worldwide into a ‘fourth generation’. In doing so, essentially new concepts would increase reactor safety and reduce the quantity and life of radioactive waste. For example, the so-called transmutation of radioactive waste would convert long-lived radioactive material into short-lived material. The development of this technique will probably take decades to come.

Nuclear fusion
In addition to nuclear fission, there is another technique that could potentially generate energy in the future by changing the nucleus of atoms: nuclear fusion. The chemical reactions in the sun are the best-known example of nuclear fusion. During nuclear fusion, the nuclei of two substances (deuterium and tritium) fuse together. This creates helium (another substance), a nuclear particle (neutron), and a lot of energy. The raw material deuterium is widely available. Tritium is made in the plant.

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